Saturn Aura

 
Saturn Aura
ManufacturerGeneral Motors
Production2006–2010
Model years2007–2011
AssemblyKansas City, Kansas, United States
PredecessorSaturn L-Series
SuccessorBuick Regal/Buick Lacrosse
ClassMid-size
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutFF layout
PlatformGM Epsilon platform
Engine2.4 L BAS hybrid
2.4 L LE5 I4
3.5 L LZ4 V6
3.6 L LY7 V6
Transmission4-speed 4T45-E automatic
6-speed 6T70 automatic
6-speed 6T40 automatic
Wheelbase112.3 in (2,852 mm)
Length190.9 in (4,849 mm)
Width70.3 in (1,786 mm)
Height57.6 in (1,463 mm)
Curb weight3,781 lb (1,715 kg)
RelatedFiat Croma
Cadillac BLS
Chevrolet Malibu
Pontiac G6
Opel Signum
Opel Vectra C
Saab 9-3
Holden Astra

The Saturn Aura was a mid-size car produced under the Saturn brand of American automaker General Motors. It debuted as a concept car at the North American International Auto Show in January 2005. The production model of the Aura was shown at the 2006 New York Auto Show in April, with production commencing in North America in the summer of 2006 for the 2007 model year. The Aura replaced the Saturn L-Series, which was discontinued after the 2005 model year.[1] Although Saturn had never intended to use the Aura name for the production vehicle, the name ended up sticking as a result of the popularity of the concept.[2]

The Aura was considered an important model for both Saturn and General Motors.[3] It was part of a product rejuvenation for Saturn intended to make the brand profitable as well as competitive with European imports.[3][4] Reaction to the Aura was positive, both in terms of reviews and sales.[5]

The Aura marked the first time since the mid-70’s that GM’s German division Opel had products sold in the United States. The Aura was based on the Opel Vectra midsize sedan.

The concept used a 252 hp (186 kW) 3.6 L V6 and a new 6T70 six-speed automatic transmission.[6] That powertrain was offered in the production model known as the XR. Also introduced was the 3.5 L V6 with 219 hp (163 kW), down from 224 in 2007 in the XE, and the hybrid 164 hp (122 kW) 2.4 L inline-4, down from 170 hp (127 kW), in the Greenline. The Aura, developed on the GM Epsilon platform, was available only as a sedan and is built at the Kansas City, Kansas, Fairfax Assembly plant.

This vehicle was discontinued after the 2009 model year as a direct result of the Saturn division being terminated for that same year. It was later revealed that a second-generation model based on the Vectra‘s replacement, the Insignia, was due to be released. However, with the discontinuation of the Saturn marque, the Insignia was offered to Buick, who released it as the fifth-generation Buick Regal.

Contents

[edit] Design

[edit] Exterior

Note that the rear of the Aura sits higher than the front.

The Aura was a new styling direction for Saturn, with styling that resembled its cousin, the European Opel Vectra. All Aura models came standard with folding side mirrors and side marker lights, lending to its European stylings.[7] The design of the Aura Special appearance pieces included an integrated radio antenna in the rear window, a chrome appearance package available on XR models, standard 17 inch wheels with five-spoke wheel covers and P225/50R17 all-season tires on XE models, and standard 18 inch machined aluminum 14-spoke wheels on the XR with high-performance Goodyear Eagle LS2 P225/50R18 T tires.

[edit] Interior

2007 Saturn Aura XR Interior

The interior of the Aura also marked a new interior direction for Saturn, moving to a more European-style interior. The design of the interior of the Aura differed from that of the Ion, which was highly criticized.[8][9] On the upscale XR model, the interior came with an option for saddle leather and paddle shifters, as well as an option for back seat radio controls.[7] Despite being praised for its design and fit and finish, the Aura’s interior was criticized for using cheap materials.[10][11]

The Aura XR’s standard features included: automatic climate control, remote vehicle start, Stabilitrak stability control, backseat audio controls, heated seats, six airbags, ABS four-wheel disc brakes, steering wheel audio controls, universal home remote, OnStar and a “Driver Information Center”.[7]

[edit] Models

[edit] Aura XR

2009 Saturn Aura XR

The Aura XR was the top-line Aura model. The XR was fitted with the 3.6 L DOHC V6 with VVT, rated at 252 hp (188 kW) at 6200 rpm and 251 lb·ft (340 N·m) of torque at 3100 rpm. This engine was first used in the Cadillac CTS and marks its second use in a North American GM car. With this 3.6 L engine, the Aura was the first front-wheel drive GM passenger car to use the new Hydra-Matic 6T70 six-speed automatic transmission.[12] The transmission featured TAPshift, which allowed the driver to manually select gears by using paddles located behind the steering wheel.[13] The Aura XR was the performance-oriented version with a taut, but not harsh, suspension and the more powerful engine. Available interior colors in the XR were tan and grey leather (available in the XE), along with the XR-specific black or Morocco Brown leather. Cloth was standard. Other standard features included the Advanced Audio Package, 18 inch alloy wheels, chrome exterior door handles, and remote vehicle start.[14] Given the 2007 Saturn Aura’s European roots—the car’s chassis was also used for the Saab 9-3. The Aura also used hydraulic power steering (V-6 models only) that provided more feedback and a more linear feel than the fussy electric power-assist units. For 2009, an entry level XR became available. It included the 17 inch 10 spoke alloy wheels available on the XE and the 2.4 L LE5 Ecotec engine mated to GM’s all new 6T40 6-speed automatic transmission with TAPshift. The 3.6L VVT with 18″ wheels was optional.

[edit] Aura XE

2007 Saturn Aura XE

The base version was the Aura XE. Equipped with the 3.5 L VVT V6 (LZ4), the engine was matched with the 4T45-E four-speed automatic transmission. In the Aura, the engine produced 219 hp (163 kW) and 220 lb·ft (300 N·m) of torque.[12] Traction Control, six airbags, V6, automatic, auto headlights, CD with AUX, 17 inch wheels, among other features, comes standard.[7] The Aura XE had a softer suspension, but still handled very well. A Special Edition version of the XE included equipment upgrades, the option of the XR-only black or Morocco Brown leather, along with new, XE-only 18 inch machined alloy wheels. Beginning with the 2008 model, the 2.4 L LE5 Ecotec 4-cylinder became available with the 4T45-E 4-speed automatic. For 2009 the standard 4-cylinder was mated to GM’s all new 6T40 6-speed automatic with TAPshift as standard equipment. This improved overall performance and increased fuel economy to 22 miles per US gallon (11 L/100 km; 26 mpg-imp) in the city, and 33 miles per US gallon (7.1 L/100 km; 40 mpg-imp) on the highway, up from the 2008’s 22 miles per US gallon (11 L/100 km; 26 mpg-imp) city, 30 miles per US gallon (7.8 L/100 km; 36 mpg-imp) highway[15]

[edit] Aura Green Line

2007 Saturn Aura Green Line

The Aura Green Line was a mild hybrid, following the Vue Green Line as the second vehicle in Saturn’s lineup incorporating GM’s belt alternator starter system. It rode on the XE’s suspension.[16] It was sale from late March 2007 to 2009.[17]

As in the Vue, the Aura Green Line was equipped with the 2.4L Ecotec engine mated to an electric motor/generator and the 4T45-E four-speed automatic transmission.[16] The powertrain was rated at 164 hp (122 kW) and 159 lb·ft (216 N·m) of torque. The electric motor/generator augmented the gasoline engine during launch and under wide-open throttle.[16] The Aura Green Line had an EPA estimated fuel economy of 26 mpg-US (9.0 L/100 km; 31 mpg-imp) city and 34 mpg-US (6.9 L/100 km; 41 mpg-imp) highway (for the 2007-08 model years it was 28 mpg-US (8.4 L/100 km; 34 mpg-imp) city and 36 mpg-US (6.5 L/100 km; 43 mpg-imp)), which Saturn claimed was up to a 30% improvement over the Aura XE.[18]

The Saturn Aura Green Line was eligible for a $1300 US Federal tax credit, as well as several state tax credits.[19]

Prior to the shutdown of Saturn, the company had said it would introduce a new hybrid system in summer 2010.[20]

[edit] Recall

On September 21, 2012. General Motors recalled 473,841 vehicles involving the Chevy Malibu, Pontiac G6 and Saturn Aura from model years 2007 through 2010 equipped with four-speed automatic transmissions. The problem is a condition that could make cars roll when in park. The recall affects 426,240 in the United States, 40,029 in Canada and 7,572 in other markets.[21]

[edit] Engines

TrimEngineDisplacementPowerTorqueTransmissionFuel Mileage
(latest EPA mpg-US)
Green Line2.4 L LAT I4 (BAS hybrid)2,393 cc (146 cu in)[22]164 hp (124 kW)159 lb·ft (216 N·m)4-Speed 4T45-E26 city, 34 hwy, 29 comb
XE (2008)2.4 L LE5 I42,384 cc (145 cu in)[22]169 hp (126 kW)160 lb·ft (217 N·m)4-speed 4T45-E22 city, 30 hwy, 25 comb
XE (2009)2.4 L LE5 I42,384 cc (145 cu in)[22]169 hp (126 kW)160 lb·ft (217 N·m)6-speed 6T4022 city, 33 hwy, 26 comb
XE (2007–08)3.5 L LZ4 V63,510 cc (214 cu in)[23]219 hp (162 kW)219 lb·ft (297 N·m)4-speed 4T45-E18 city, 29 hwy, 22 comb
XR (2009)2.4 L LE5 I42,384 cc (145 cu in)[22]169 hp (126 kW)160 lb·ft (217 N·m)6-speed 6T4022 city, 33 hwy, 26 comb
XR (2007–09)3.6 L LY7 V63,564 cc (217 cu in)[22]252 hp (186 kW)251 lb·ft (340 N·m)6-speed 6T7017 city, 26 hwy, 20 comb

[edit] Reception

Reception to the Aura has generally been positive. The Aura has been described as the best looking sedan to come out of GM in quite a while.[24] The Aura was also praised for its performance.[24][25] The Aura has been described as “the best Saturn yet”,[5] and fit and finish and ride quality are regarded as greatly improved over previous Saturns. Other improvements include reduced road noise, attributed to the fact that this model doesn’t use polymer body panels like its predecessors, in addition to the extensive soundproofing GM added to car, and the triple-pane front windows and windshield.[25] The Aura also garnered praise for its value, as it is noted that an Aura XE loaded up with certain options costs less than the standard MSRP of the Toyota Camry with a V6.[25] The Aura finished fourth out of six places in a Car and Driver comparison test, ahead of the Chrysler Sebring and the Toyota Camry, but fell behind the Honda Accord.[26] Despite this, it was the best performing out of the cars compared.[26] The Aura also got praise for the craftsmanship of its interior and its European flair.[27] The Aura also got a favorable review by Consumer Guide, with it being a recommended pick.[28] It also got more than favorable reviews from actual owners of the vehicle.[29]

Despite this, the Aura has a few criticisms. The Aura’s interior has been criticized for using cheap materials.[10][11][26] Also, the steering wheel has been criticized for being too big for some drivers[25] and that rear headroom was tight when equipped with the optional sunroof.[28] The Aura was also criticized for being noisy over bumps[11] and its lack of a rear armrest and head restraint,[25] and that the push button controls on the steering wheel cannot be operated while holding the wheel.[11] Robert Cumberford of Automobile Magazine claimed that the Aura is a good car watered down by GM’s cost cutting department.[10]

[edit] Awards

The Aura won the North American Car of the Year prize for 2007.[30] As a result, Saturn sent a copy of the award to select customers who bought an Aura before it was awarded.[31] The Aura also won Canadian’s Motoring Television’s 2007 car of the year award,[32] Motorweek’s Driver’s Choice for best new midsize sedan,[32] and World of Wheels’ Editor’s choice for best family sedan.[32]

[edit] Yearly American sales

Calendar YearTotal American sales
200619,746
2007[33]59,964
200859,380
2009[34]21,395

[edit] See also

[edit] References

[edit] Notes

  1. ^ “Saturn L-Series on Consumerguide.com”. http://consumerguideauto.howstuffworks.com/2000-to-2005-saturn-l-series.htm. Retrieved 2007-03-17.
  2. ^ “Saturn Announces New “Outlook” for Future Portfolio: Also Confirms “Aura” Name”. http://media.gm.com/servlet/GatewayServlet?target=http://image.emerald.gm.com/gmnews/viewmonthlyreleasedetail.do?domain=3&docid=16976. Retrieved 2008-04-21.[dead link]
  3. ^ a b Saturn is ready to turn a profit
  4. ^ “Rick Wagoner explains in this video what he has planned for the Saturn brand”. http://www.saturnfans.com/Company/2007/thesaturnrevival.shtml. Retrieved 2007-03-17.
  5. ^ a b Dan Jedlicka’s reviews of the Saturn Aura
  6. ^ “Saturn Aura concept auto show unveiling”. autoblog.com. http://www.autoblog.com/2005/01/07/detroit-auto-show-saturn-aura-concept/. Retrieved 2006-08-24.
  7. ^ a b c d Saturn Aura Pricing and options: Saturn.com
  8. ^ “Saturn Ion review, Edmunds.com”. http://www.edmunds.com/saturn/ion/review.html. Retrieved 2007-03-17.
  9. ^ “2003 Saturn Ion review”. http://www.edmunds.com/apps/vdpcontainers/do/vdp/articleId=89620/pageNumber=1?synpartner=edmunds&pageurl=www.edmunds.com/used/2003/saturn/ion/100184118/roadtestarticle.html&articleId=89620. Retrieved 2007-03-17.
  10. ^ a b c Automobile Magazine: By Design, Robert Cumberford, December 2006 issue
  11. ^ a b c d Saturn Aura aims high, scores big. CNN Money
  12. ^ a b Saturn Aura unveiled
  13. ^ “Saturn Aura Standard and optional equipment”. http://www.saturnfans.com/Cars/AURA/2007/auraxeequipment.shtml. Retrieved 2007-03-17.
  14. ^ “Saturn Aura equipment”. http://www.saturn.com/saturn/vehicles/aura/pricing.jsp. Retrieved 2008-02-05.
  15. ^ “Fuel Economy”. U.S. Department of Energy. http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/2008car1tablef.jsp?id=24397. Retrieved 2007-08-03.
  16. ^ a b c Green Car Congress: Saturn Aura Green Line
  17. ^ “Saturn Announces Pricing on Aura Green Line Hybrid”. http://www.edmunds.com/insideline/do/News/articleId=120024. Retrieved 2007-03-26.
  18. ^ “GM Media Online – Saturn Aura Green Line”. Archived from the original on 2007-10-15. http://web.archive.org/web/20071015104356/http://media.gm.com/servlet/GatewayServlet?target=http://image.emerald.gm.com/gmnews/viewmonthlyreleasedetail.do?domain=74&docid=34380. Retrieved 2007-03-20.
  19. ^ Chakravorty, Jui (2007-03-19). “GM’s Saturn Aura hybrid gets ,300 tax credit”. Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/tnBasicIndustries-SP/idUSN1929812320070319.
  20. ^ “GM cancels Chevy Malibu, Saturn Aura hybrids”. Associated Press. June 11, 2009.
  21. ^ Klayman, Ben. “GM recalls nearly 474,000 cars over gear shift problem”. Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/09/21/us-gm-usrecall-idUSBRE88K0II20120921. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
  22. ^ a b c d e “GM Media Online: English”. Media.gm.com. http://media.gm.com/us/saturn/en/product_services/r_cars/r_c_aura/09index.html. Retrieved 2009-05-01.[dead link]
  23. ^ “GM Media Online: English”. Media.gm.com. 2005-03-31. http://media.gm.com/us/saturn/en/product_services/r_cars/r_c_aura/07index.html. Retrieved 2009-05-01.[dead link]
  24. ^ a b Fuel Show review of the Saturn Aura
  25. ^ a b c d e Ann Job review of the Saturn Aura. autos.msn.com
  26. ^ a b c Familial Four Doors: Car and Driver mid size sedan comparison
  27. ^ The Car Connection: Saturn Aura review
  28. ^ a b Consumer Guide road test of the Saturn Aura
  29. ^ “MSN autos user reviews: Saturn Aura”. http://autos.msn.com/research/userreviews/reviewlist.aspx?modelid=12079&trimid=-1. Retrieved 2007-03-17.
  30. ^ “One-two punch, GM sweeps North American awards”. http://autoweek.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070107/FREE/70107002/1056/autoshows. Retrieved 2007-03-17.
  31. ^ “Saturn Aura Academy Award ad”. http://www.saturnfans.com/Cars/AURA/2007/oscarauraad.shtml. Retrieved 2007-03-17.
  32. ^ a b c Saturnfans.com: Saturn Aura awards
  33. ^ “GM Media Online”. Media.gm.com. 2009-01-05. http://media.gm.com/servlet/GatewayServlet?target=http://image.emerald.gm.com/gmnews/viewpressreldetail.do?domain=2&docid=51161. Retrieved 2009-05-01.[dead link]
  34. ^ http://media.gm.com/content/Pages/news/us/en/2010/Jan/0105_Dec_Sales/_jcr_content/iconrow/textfile/file.res/Deliveries%20December%2009.xls

[edit] External links



This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Saturn Aura, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.